Considering it just tastes like sugary water, it’s a pleasant surprise to learn that there are actually a number of health benefits of watermelon. The pretty pink melon is full of vitamins, antioxidants and electrolytes while being low in calories and fat. It can help with digestion, and even benefit eye health and heart health…
What Is Watermelon?
As the name suggests, watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is mainly water. Up to 92%, in fact! As well as helping to rehydrate the body, the refreshing fruit is soaked full of nutrients. The sweet, juicy red-pink melon is believed to have originated in the Kalahari Desert in Africa. The first recorded watermelon harvest is found in Egyptian hieroglyphics, about 5,000 years ago. Watermelon made its way along the Mediterranean Sea and ended up in China by the 10th century. China is now the largest producer of watermelons in the world. The US is ranked fifth globally in watermelon production. Florida, Texas, California, Georgia and Arizona produce the most across the nation. They most likely arrived in the US with African slaves.
Watermelon is related to the cucumber, pumpkin and squash. There are between 200 and 300 varieties grown in the US and Mexio, but only about 50 are popular. By weight, they are the most consumed melon in the US, ahead of cantaloupe and honeydew. Despite the unpopularity of it, even the rind can be eaten, meaning all parts of the melon are edible.
Most watermelons have seeds, but seedless ones are available. They are a sterile hybrid, created by crossing male pollen with a female watermelon flower, both with specific chromosomes per cell. When the hybrid melon matures, the little white seeds inside contain 33 chromosomes, which renders it sterile.
Nutritional Information (1 Cup/150g)
Calories – 46
Total Fat – 0g
Cholesterol – 0mg
Sodium – 2mg
Total Carbohydrates – 12g
Dietary Fiber – 1g
Sugar – 10g
Protein – 1g
Vitamin A – 18% of RDI
Vitamin C – 21% of RDI
Calcium – 1% of RDI
Iron – 2% of RDI
Magnesium – 4% of RDI
Potassium – 5% of RDI
Health Benefits Of Watermelon
Watermelon is 92% water, but also has plenty of nutritional value. It contains healthy amounts of vitamins A and C, as well as beneficial antioxidants and amino acids. All of that while being low in calories and fat free! Let’s take a look at the specific health benefits watermelon can offer…
1. Watermelon Replenishes Hydration
Talk about an all-natural food to rehydrate the body, especially if you feel like you need some sugar and vitamins along with water. Watermelon is pretty close to 100% water, but, importantly, the juice is full of beneficial electrolytes. While drinking water is the most important way to keep you hydrated, eating foods with a high water content can also help. Because watermelon also has a hit of fiber, it can keep you hydrated and feeling full. It means you’re eating a decent volume of food with few calories. The electrolytes found in watermelon may even help prevent heat stroke.
2. Watermelon Encourages Healthy Digestion
Watermelon contains a small amount of fiber and lots of water, which are both important for healthy digestive function. The combination keeps you regular. The water helps move food and waste through the digestive tract and fiber provides bulk for your stool. Fruits and vegetables that are rich in fiber and water can promote regular bowel movement.
3. Watermelon Is Heart Healthy
An animal study conducted by Purdue University and University of Kentucky in 2012 found that watermelon may be beneficial to heart health. The study looked at the role of citrulline, a compound found in watermelon. Researchers concluded the amino acid may play a role in promoting cardiovascular health.
There are also several other nutrients in watermelon that have specific benefits for the heart. A 2014 study found that the high levels of lycopene found in watermelon may lower cholesterol and blood pressure. It was also found to help prevent oxidative damage to cholesterol. Lycopene is a chemical that occurs naturally in some fruits and vegetables, giving them their red color, like tomatoes. Obese postmenopausal women were found to benefit from lycopene in another study. Researchers found it may help reduce the stiffness and thickness of artery walls.
4. Watermelon Has Anti-Inflammatory Properties
Watermelon contains anti-inflammatory antioxidants, including lycopene and vitamin C. They may help reduce inflammation and oxidative damage. Lycopene works as an inhibitor for certain inflammatory processes and as an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals. A 2015 study looked at supplementing an unhealthy diet with watermelon powder in laboratory rats. Researchers found the subjects that ate the powder developed lower levels of C-reactive protein (which is a marker for inflammation), and less oxidative stress when compared to the control group. Inflammation can promote chronic diseases, so it is important to keep it at bay. Choline is also found in watermelon, which can help reduce chronic inflammation.
5. Watermelon May Reduce Muscle Pain
The amino acid citrulline in watermelon may aid muscle recovery. A 2013 study looked at the bio-availability of the amino acid from consuming the fruit. Athletes were separated into three groups. The first group was given plain watermelon juice before exercise. The second was given watermelon juice mixed with citrulline. And the third group was given a straight citrulline drink. Both watermelon juice drinks helped reduce the recovery heart rate and muscle soreness after 24 hours. Interestingly, they were more effective than the citrulline on its own. Researchers believe citrulline absorption is more effective when consumed as a component of watermelon.
6. Watermelon May Benefit Eye Health
The lycopene in watermelon helps reduce the risk of oxidative damage and inflammation. Lycopene is also found in parts of the eye. Consuming lycopene through watermelon may prevent macular degeneration brought on by age. It may also prevent age-related macular degeneration from worsening. The disease is caused by the thinning of a macula layer of retina, resulting in a gradual decrease in vision.
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